How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary, all of the agencies use the following to build your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most people getting a mortgage loan these days score 620 or above.
Credit scores make a huge difference in your interest rate
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to raise your FICO score, you must get the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call at 9736012122.