You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Because our world is so automated, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans to build a FICO score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine a credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Typical home buyers will probably find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
FICO makes a huge difference in your interest rate
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should, of course, remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to raise your credit score, you've got to get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us at (973) 601-2122.