The biggest investment you will make in your life will probably be the purchase of a home. So before you close, you need to be sure that that no one else can claim the property.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title insurance company performs an extensive search on the property's title history. Through its research, the title company can usually identify any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Because Real Estate Law is so complex, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title insurance company is responsible for. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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